“”Along with the constantly diminishing number of the magnates of capital…” says Marx, “grows the mass of misery, oppression, slavery, degradation, exploitation; but with this too grows the revolt of the working class, a class always increasing in numbers, and disciplined, united, organized by the very mechanism of the process of capitalist production itself. Centralization of the means of production and socialization of labor at last reach a point where they become incompatible with their capitalist integument. This integument is burst asunder. The knell of capitalist private property sounds. The expropriators are expropriated”. That is the Socialist revolution. To Marx, the problem of reconstituting society did not arise from some prescription motivated by his personal predilections; it followed, as an ironclad historical necessity – on the one hand, from the productive forces grown to powerful maturity; on the other, from the impossibility further to foster these forces at the mercy of the law of value. The lucubrations of certain intellectuals on the theme that, regardless of Marx’s teaching. Socialism is not ‘inevitable’ but merely ‘possible’, are devoid of any content whatsoever. Obviously, Marx did not imply that Socialism would come about without man’s volition and action: any such idea is simply an absurdity. Marx foretold that out of the economic collapse in which the development of capitalism must inevitably culminate – and this collapse is before our very eyes – there can be no other way out except socialization of the means of production. The productive forces need a new organizer and a new master, and, since existence determines consciousness, Marx had no doubt that the working class, at the cost of errors and defeats, will come to understand the actual situation and, sooner or later, will draw the imperative practical conclusions” [L. Trotsky, Fascism ad the New Deal] [(in) Leon Trotsky, The Age of Permanent Revolution: A Trotsky Anthology, a cura di Isaac Deutscher, 1964]

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